Nutrition the Human Diet Requires:
- Calories/Energy: This acts as our energy source–carbohydrates, protein, and fats. Food provides us with energy, which is measured in calories and is meant to be used. Any energy not immediately used is stored as fat.
- Nutrients: Nutrients are in the form of vitamins and minerals and are called essential nutrients because they are necessary for metabolism, regulation and the building and repairing of tissues. Nutrients, when converted are used as energy.
- Hydration: This would be the intake of water for proper hydration. Some “experts” believe that we get all the fluids we need from our food, while we may not be sure of that, there is no doubt that those who diets are high in plant-based sources get a good portion of their daily water replenishment from food.
If none of the requirements above are met, usually through eating junk food, candy or processed foods, the this could lead to malnutrition (high calorie/low nutrient)and eventually the body will begin to breakdown. So, your goal is to eat nutrient dense foods in moderate amounts....moderate amounts because you need to only eat the amount of calories you expect to exert throughout the day. If you eat more calories than you expel in energy, then the excess calories will turn to fat....and if not used will lead to weight gain.
That’s it! Don’t get caught up in the fads or popular diets, just eat the widest variety of whole, natural foods that your body likes and craves, and try to get everything you need nutritionally with nutrient-dense foods and the least amount of food possible. Follow these principles and you’ll get closer to achieving your weight loss goal with optimal nutrition.